Fabrication of multi-layer antireflection coating consisting of ZnS and MgF2

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Thin Film Lab, Faculty of Physics, University of Semnan, Semnan, Islamic Republic of Iran

2 Education of Semnan province, Semnan, Iran

Abstract

In this study, Magnesium Fluoride (MgF2) and Zinc Sulfide (ZnS) multi-layer antireflection coatings were prepared using Glancing Angle Deposition (GLAD) technique. MgF2 and ZnS materials have been coated in a Hind - Hivac coating unit (model 15F) on glass substrates. Antireflection coatings were prepared at different oblique incident flux angles (α = 40°, 65°,70°, 80°) by the thermal evaporation method. The Grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXRD)analysis indicated that the thin films coated at different incident angles were crystallized in a single phase with an orthorhombic structure. The XRD results showed improvement of the film crystallinity upon grain size increment. Optical properties were investigated throughout the measurement of transmission spectra and refractive index and extinction in the visible region. The refractive index of films decreased from 2.8 to 1.66 as the flux angle increased from 40° to 80°. The extinction coefficient of films increased from 0.03849 to 0.05997 as the flux angle increased from 40° to 80°.

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